"- What? Haines said, beginning to point at Stephen. He himself?
Buck Mulligan slung his towel stolewise round his neck and, bending in loose laughter, said to Stephen's ear:
- O, shade of Kinch the elder! Japhet in search of a father!" (U1.558)

In the Bible, Japhet is the son of Noah. 'Japhet in Search of a Father' is also the title of a father-quest novel by Captain Frederick Marryat (1792 - 1848), published in 1836.
"The seas' ruler, he gazed southward over the bay, empty save for the smokeplume of the mailboat vague on the bright skyline and a sail tacking by the Muglins." (U1.575)

This PC shows RMS (= Royal Mail Service) Leinster, one of the mailboats in service on the Irish Sea in 1904. The others were RMS Munster, Ulster, and Connaught. They carried the mail from Kingstown to Holyhead (Wales), from whence it was distributed by train to its various destinations. The mailboats also took passengers. RMS Leinster was built and started service in 1897; she was sunk by a German U-boat on her way to Holyhead in 1918.
"Buck Mulligan at once put on a blithe broadly smiling face. He looked at them, his wellshaped mouth open happily, his eyes, from which he had suddenly withdrawn all shrewd sense, blinking with mad gaiety. He moved a doll's head to and fro, the brims of his Panama hat quivering, and began to chant in a quiet happy foolish voice:
- I'm the queerest young fellow that ever you heard.
My mother's a jew," (U1.579)
"my father's a bird." (U1.585)
"With Joseph the joiner I cannot agree.
So here's to disciples and Calvary." (U1.586)
"He held up a forefinger of warning." (U1.588)
"- If anyone thinks that I amn't divine
He'll get no free drinks when I'm making the wine
But have to drink water and wish it were plain
That I make when the wine becomes water again." (U1.589)
"- Goodbye, now, goodbye! Write down all I said
And tell Tom, Dick and Harry I rose from the dead.
What's bred in the bone cannot fail me to fly
And Olivet's breezy - Goodbye, now, goodbye!" (U1.596)
"- The ballad of joking Jesus, Stephen answered.
- O, Haines said, you have heard it before?
- Three times a day, after meals, Stephen said drily." (U1.608)
"- You're not a believer, are you? Haines asked. I mean, a believer in the narrow sense of the word. Creation from nothing and miracles and a personal God.
- There is only one sense of the word, it seems to me, Stephen said." (U1.611)
"- After all, Haines began...
Stephen turned and saw that the cold gaze which had measured him was not all unkind.
- After all, I should think you are able to free yourself. You are your own master, it seems to me." (U1.633)
"- I am the servant of two masters, Stephen said, an English and an Italian.
- Italian? Haines said.
A crazy queen, old and jealous. Kneel down before me.
- And a third, Stephen said, there is who wants me for odd jobs." (U1.638)
"- Italian? Haines said again. What do you mean?" (U1.642)

Pope Pius X (1835 - 1914), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, was Pope 1903 - 1914. His pontificate was noted for its conservative theology and reforms in liturgy and church law. He was canonized in 1954.
"- The imperial British state, Stephen answered, his colour rising, and the holy Roman catholic and apostolic church." (U1.643)

A PC of Edward VII and Alexandra as imperial Irish monarchs, surrounded by the symbols of Ireland, the Viceregal Lodge, Kingstown, and the City Arms and motto of Dublin.
"Symbol of the apostles in the mass for pope Marcellus, the voices blended, singing alone loud in affirmation: and behind their chant the vigilant angel of the church militant disarmed and menaced her heresiarchs." (U1.653)
"A horde of heresies fleeing with mitres awry: Photius and the brood of mockers of whom Mulligan was one, and Arius, warring his life long upon the consubstantiality of the Son with the Father, and Valentine, spurning Christ's terrene body, and the subtle African heresiarch Sabellius who held that the Father was Himself His own Son. Words Mulligan had spoken a moment since in mockery to the stranger. Idle mockery." (U1.656)
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