- Well, they're still waiting for their redeemer, says Martin. For that matter so are we.
- Yes, says J. J., and every male that's born they think it may be their Messiah." (U12.1642)
- Expecting every moment will be his next, says Lenehan.
- O, by God, says Ned, you should have seen Bloom before that son of his that died was born." (U12.1647)
A similar 'joke' is used in this British PC to caricature the Irish.
A period ad for Neave's Food.
- Do you call that a man? says the citizen.
- I wonder did he ever put it out of sight, says Joe.
- Well, there were two children born anyhow, says Jack Power.
- And who does he suspect? says the citizen.
Gob, there's many a true word spoken in jest. One of those mixed middlings he is." (U12.1653)
Mount Carmel (from the Hebrew 'Karem El' = vineyards of God) is a coastal mountain range in then Palestine (now Israel) overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. Jaffa (Haifa) is partially on Mt Carmel. Mt Carmel is mentioned in the Bible, and has since been considered a holy site. On it occured the miracles attending the competition between Baal and the Israelite God YHWH, after which the priests of Baal were put to death by the order of the prophet Elijah (1Kings 18).
The Carmelite order, a major Catholic order, was founded on Mt Carmel in the 12c. Prefixed to the 1281 Carmelite Constitution was this statement: "From the times when the prophet Elias (Elijah) and Eliseus dwelt devoutly on Mt Carmel, holy fathers both of the old and new Testament lived praiseworthy lives in holy penitence by the fountain of Elias in a holy succession uninterruptedly maintained."
Calced = wearing shoes, discalced = barefoot. There are two branches of the Carmelites: the Ancient Observance (O. Carm.), and the reformed Discalced (O.C.D.) founded by S. Teresa of Avila, that stresses a more retired meditative life. S. Teresa of Avila (1515 - 1582) was of Spanish nobility. A sicklish child, she was well educated at home and grew up reading the lives of the saints. At age 17, she entered a Carmelite house against her father's will (he later relented). In 1538, she started having attacks of catalepsy, in 1555 visions, and in 1558 raptures. She was examined by Dominicans and Jesuits, including S. Francis Borgia, who pronounced the visions holy and true. Finding the convent too lax, she started a new order, the Discalced Carmelites, with stricter rules for the nuns. She thus founded the convent of S. John of Avila (1562), and other reformed houses throughout Spain, often against fierce opposition from local authorities. She wrote an account of her life, and is a Doctor of the Church. Her relics are preserved at Alba de Torres, her body incorrupt; her heart shows signs of Transverberation (piercing). Represented as a Discalced Carmelite nun, holding a pierced heart, book, crucifix, or quill, or receiving a message from a dove. Feast October 15.
S. Stephen (1st c.) was the first Christian Martyr. The Acts of the Apostles relate that, while preaching the Gospel in the streets, he was stoned for blasphemy by an angry mob (ca. AD 33). On the side of the mob was a man who would later be known as S. Paul. Represented as a deacon carrying rocks, often with the palm of martyrdom. Feast Dec 26.