"Old Glynn he knew how to make that instrument talk, the vibrato: fifty pounds a year they say he had in Gardiner street. Molly was in fine voice that day," (U5.395)
"the Stabat Mater of Rossini." (U5.397)

Stabat Mater is a 13c. Roman Catholic hymn attributed to Pope Innocent III (d. 1216), St. Bonaventure, or more likely Jacopone da Todi (1230 - 1306). Its title is an abbreviation of the first line, Stabat Mater Dolorosa (= The sorrowful mother was standing). The hymn, considered one of the seven greatest Latin hymns of all time, meditates on the emotions of Mary during the crucifixion. It has been set to music indeed by Rossini, and many others including Haydn, Dvorak, Vivaldi, Pergolese, Poulenc, Verdi, and recently Arvo Pärt. A companion hymn, Stabat Mater Speciosa, meditates on the emotions of Mary at the birth of Jesus.
"Father Bernard Vaughan's sermon first. Christ or Pilate? Christ, but don't keep us all night over it. Music they wanted. Footdrill stopped. Could hear a pin drop. I told her to pitch her voice against that corner. I could feel the thrill in the air, the full, the people looking up:
Quis est homo." (U5.398)

Father Vaughan was an English Jesuit (1847 - 1922) and a popular preacher. He is described by his contemporary Father Leonard Feeney, S.J. as "magnanimous, broad-gestured, handsome, kindly-eyed." His congregation was mostly London's high society (including King Edward VII), but he also liked to stand at street corners and preach to common people. His preaching took him to Dublin and as far as Boston, Canada, and Tokyo.
"Some of that old sacred music is splendid. Mercadante: seven last words. Mozart's twelfth mass: the Gloria in that. Those old popes were keen on music, on art and statues and pictures of all kinds. Palestrina for example too." (U5.403)
"They had a gay old time while it lasted. Healthy too chanting, regular hours, then brew liqueurs. Benedictine." (U5.406)

Bénédictine is a liqueur initially concocted in the 16c. by Dom Bernardo Vincelli, a Venetian monk, at the abbaye of Fécamp (Normandy, France). The elixir uses 27 plants & spices from all over the world (lemon, cardamom, nutmeg, saffron, coriander, aloe, cinnamon, mace, hyssop, vanilla, arnica, sandalwood &c).
Savored at the court of King Francois 1er, Benedictine was manufactured by Benedictine monks only until the end of the 18c. The recipe was lost during the French Revolution (1789), then found again in an old manuscript (1863). Since then, the liquor is produced by a commercial company in Fécamp. This PC shows the labeling room, with nuns (supervisors?) among the workers.
"Green Chartreuse." (U5.407)

Chartreuse is a liqueur named after the Grande Chartreuse monastery in Voiron (near Grenoble, France). According to tradition, a manuscript containing a complicated formula for an 'elixir of long life' was given to the Carthusian monks in 1605 by Francois Hannibal d'Estrées, a marshal under King Henri IV; it calls for some 130 herbs, flowers, and secret ingredients combined in a wine alcohol base. Green Chartreuse (110 proof) is thus naturally green from chlorophyll. It is still produced by the monks in Voiron, as shown on this PC. The recipe is a trade secret, known at any given time only to the 3 monks who use it.
"He saw the priest bend down and kiss the altar and then face about and bless all the people. All crossed themselves and stood up. Mr Bloom glanced about him and then stood up, looking over the risen hats. Stand up at the gospel of course. Then all settled down on their knees again and he sat back quietly in his bench. The priest came down from the altar, holding the thing out from him, and he and the massboy answered each other in Latin." (U5.412)
"Then the priest knelt down and began to read off a card:
- O God, our refuge and our strength...
Mr Bloom put his face forward to catch the words. English. Throw them the bone. I remember slightly. How long since your last mass?" (U5.419)
"Gloria and immaculate virgin." (U5.423)
"Joseph her spouse." (U5.423)
"Peter and Paul. More interesting if you understood what it was all about. Wonderful organisation certainly, goes like clockwork." (U5.423)
"Confession. Everyone wants to. Then I will tell you all. Penance. Punish me, please. Great weapon in their hands. More than doctor or solicitor. Woman dying to. And I schschschschschsch. And did you chachachachacha? And why did you? Look down at her ring to find an excuse. Whispering gallery walls have ears. Husband learn to his surprise. God's little joke. Then out she comes. Repentance skindeep. Lovely shame." (U5.425)
"Pray at an altar. Hail Mary and Holy Mary. Flowers, incense, candles melting. Hide her blushes." (U5.431)
"Salvation army blatant imitation. Reformed prostitute will address the meeting. How I found the Lord." (U5.432)
"Squareheaded chaps those must be in Rome: they work the whole show." (U5.434)
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