The various objects Bloom is wearing or carrying are part of the British regalia (Crown Jewels), used during the coronation ceremony at Westminster Abbey and at various state functions. The original regalia was likely assembled by Edward the Confessor (St Edward, reigned 1042-66); he is seen on this card in a crimson velvet mantle trimmed with ermine. Most items were destroyed, altered or replaced over the centuries, notably when Cromwell ordered that the regalia be 'totally broken' following the execution of Charles I (1649). Most of the ones in current use were made for the coronation of Charles II (1661), though a few older pieces remain.
St Edward's Staff (= The Sceptre with the Cross, the Sovereign's Sceptre, or the Royal Sceptre) symbolises the temporal authority of the monarch. It was originally made for the coronation of Charles II in 1661. In 1905, it was redesigned to incorporate one of the largest diamonds in the world, the Cullinan I, which weighs over 530 carats (106 g). It is held in the right hand during part of the coronation.
The Sovereign's Orb symbolizes the monarch's role as Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church of England. It was created for the coronation of Charles II in 1661 at a cost of £1,150. The Orb is a hollow gold sphere weighing 42 ounces and about 16.5 cm (6.5 in.) in diameter. Around the centre is a band of pearls and gemstones. There is a similar half-band running across the top half of the Orb. Atop the Orb is an amethyst surmounted by a Cross.
During the coronation, the Archbishop of Canterbury delivers the Orb to the Monarch's right hand. The Orb is then placed on an altar, where it remains for the remainder of the ceremony. At the end of the ceremony, the Monarch holds the Orb in the left hand, the Sceptre with the Cross in the right hand, and wears the Imperial State Crown as he or she leaves Westminster Abbey.
The Sceptre with the Dove (= the Rod with the Dove, or the Rod of Equity and Mercy), symbolizes the spiritual authority of the Monarch. It was originally made for the coronation of King Charles II in 1661. It is a gold rod with bands of gemstones, surmounted by a sphere and an enamelled dove, representing the Holy Ghost.
The Curtana (= the Sword of Mercy), symbolizes the mercy of the monarch. It is a sword with a blunted square tip (from Latin curtus = shortened). It is believed to have been made for the coronation of Charles I, and to have escaped (together with the Sword of Temporal Justice and the Sword of Spiritual Justice) melting down by Cromwell. The Curtana is the sword used during knighting ceremonies.