"The seas' ruler. His seacold eyes looked on the empty bay: it seems history is to blame: on me and on my words, unhating.
- That on his empire, Stephen said, the sun never sets.
- Ba! Mr Deasy cried. That's not English. A French Celt said that." (U2.246)
"He tapped his savingsbox against his thumbnail.
- I will tell you, he said solemnly, what is his proudest boast. I paid my way.
Good man, good man." (U2.250)
"- I paid my way. I never borrowed a shilling in my life. Can you feel that? I owe nothing. Can you?
Mulligan, nine pounds, three pairs of socks, one pair brogues, ties. Curran, ten guineas. McCann, one guinea. Fred Ryan, two shillings. Temple, two lunches. Russell, one guinea, Cousins, ten shillings, Bob Reynolds, half a guinea, Kohler, three guineas, Mrs MacKernan, five weeks' board. The lump I have is useless.
- For the moment, no, Stephen answered."(U2.253)
"Mr Deasy stared sternly for some moments over the mantelpiece at the shapely bulk of a man in tartan filibegs: Albert Edward, prince of Wales.
- You think me an old fogey and an old tory, his thoughtful voice said. I saw three generations since O'Connell's time. I remember the famine in '46." (U2.265)

Mr. Deasy's wall hanging is a bit out of date: in 1904, Albert Edward Prince of Wales had become H.M. King Edward VII. He reigned from 1901, when his mother Queen Victoria died, to his own death in 1910. He is seen in this PC wearing royal Stuart tartan filibegs.
Albert Edward was an elegant dresser, and indeed of significant bulk, with a waistline of 39" in 1860 and 47" in 1905.
"Do you know that the orange lodges" (U2.270)

The Orange Institution (or Orange Order) is a Protestant fraternal organisation based in N. Ireland and Scotland. It was founded in Co. Armagh in 1795, during the inter-communal violence of the 1790s that opposed Protestants and Catholics. The Order's name comes from William of Orange, the Protestant Dutch prince who became William III King of England and Ireland 1689 - 1702. The roots of the Orange Order can be traced back to the conflicts that arose from the Plantation of Ulster, particularly the Irish Rebellion of 1641, and the Williamite War in the 1690s that opposed the Williamites to the Jacobites (the forces of King James II, a Catholic). The parades of the Orange Order commemorate William's victories in the Battles of the Boyne (1690) and Aughrim (1691), that annihilated the Jacobites. This PC shows the banner of one of the Orange lodges.
"agitated for repeal of the union twenty years before O'Connell did or before the prelates of your communion denounced him as a demagogue? You fenians forget some things." (U2.271)

The Act of Union (1801) merged the Parliaments of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to form the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.' Daniel O'Connell campaigned for repeal of the union, set up the Repeal Association, and argued for the re-creation of an independent Kingdom of Ireland with Victoria as its Queen. He held a series of 'Monster Meetings' (so called for the huge attendance at each) throughout Ireland, often in places of historic Irish interest. After a successful Monster Meeting in Tara, one was planned for October 1843 in Clontarf (Co. Dublin), symbolic for its association with Brian Boru and the Battle of Clontarf (1014). The British Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel forbade it. Despite pleas from his supporters, and the prediction that a million people were planning to attend, O'Connell decided not to defy the authorities and called off the meeting. Still, he was arrested and jailed 3 months for sedition. With a moratorium on Monster Meetings, and his followers disappointed in him, O'Connell made no further progress in the campaign for Repeal.
"Glorious, pious and immortal memory. The lodge of Diamond in Armagh the splendid behung with corpses of papishes. Hoarse, masked and armed, the planters' covenant." (U2.273)
"The black north and true blue bible. Croppies lie down." (U2.275)

'Croppy' from the 1790s was used in Ireland for people with closely cropped hair, a fashion associated with the anti-wig (anti-aristocrat) French revolution, hence connotating sympathy with the Society of United Irishmen. 'Croppies Lie Down' is a popular loyalist song, while 'The Croppy Boy' (sung in Sirens), is a sympathetic rebel song.
"Stephen seated himself noiselessly before the princely presence." (U2.299)
"Framed around the walls images of vanished horses stood in homage, their meek heads poised in air: lord Hastings' Repulse, the duke of Westminster's Shotover," (U2.300)
"the duke of Beaufort's Ceylon, prix de Paris, 1866." (U2.301)

The Prix de Paris is a race for 3 year old horses run in Longchamps, France. It involves, this card states, considerable amounts of prize money.
"Elfin riders sat them, watchful of a sign. He saw their speeds," (U2.303)
"backing king's colours, and shouted with the shouts of vanished crowds.
- Full stop, Mr Deasy bade his keys. But prompt ventilation of this allimportant question..." (U2.303)
"Where Cranly led me to get rich quick, hunting his winners among the mudsplashed brakes, amid the bawls of bookies on their pitches and reek of the canteen, over the motley slush. Fair Rebel! Fair Rebel! Even money the favourite: ten to one the field. Dicers and thimbleriggers we hurried by after the hoofs, the vying caps and jackets and past the meatfaced woman, a butcher's dame, nuzzling thirstily her clove of orange.
Shouts rang shrill from the boys' playfield and a whirring whistle.
Again: a goal." (U2.307)
"I am among them, among their battling bodies in a medley, the joust of life. You mean that knockkneed mother's darling who seems to be slightly crawsick? Jousts. Time shocked rebounds, shock by shock. Jousts, slush and uproar of battles, the frozen deathspew of the slain, a shout of spearspikes baited with men's bloodied guts.
- Now then, Mr Deasy said, rising.
He came to the table, pinning together his sheets. Stephen stood up.
- I have put the matter into a nutshell, Mr Deasy said. It's about the foot and mouth disease. Just look through it. There can be no two opinions on the matter." (U2.314)
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