The Edward VII sovereign was minted, bright and new, in 1902; the portrait was the work of Mr. de Saulles.
A 'sovereign' = a £1 gold coin depicting the monarch on the obverse, and St George on the reverse.
- He shot from it two crowns and two shillings.
- Three twelve, he said. I think you'll find that's right." (U2.219)
- No thanks at all, Mr Deasy said. You have earned it." (U2.223)
This PC shows details of Edwardian currency.
£sd = pounds, shillings, pence
£1 = 4 crowns = 20 shillings = 240 pence
1 guinea = £1 + 1s
2s coin = florin
Stephen's pay of 'three twelve' means 3 pounds and 12 shillings. It can be written as £3-12-0 or £3/12/0.
Mr Deasy gives it as: 2 £1 notes + 1 sovereign + 2 crowns (= 10s) + 2s.
The next step is understanding this postcard!
- Don't carry it like that, Mr Deasy said. You'll pull it out somewhere and lose it. You just buy of of these machines. You'll find them very handy.
Answer something." (U2.226)
The same room and hour, the same wisdom: and I the same. Three times now. Three nooses round me here. Well? I can break them in this instant if I will." (U2.232)
From a traditional French saying: 'Si jeunesse savait, si vieillesse pouvait' = If youth but knew...
- Iago, Stephen murmured.
He lifted his gaze from the idle shells to the old man's stare.
- He knew what money was, Mr Deasy said. He made money. A poet, yes, but an Englishman too. Do you know what is the pride of the English? Do you know what is the proudest word you will ever hear from an Englishman's mouth?" (U2.245)
- That on his empire, Stephen said, the sun never sets.
- Ba! Mr Deasy cried. That's not English. A French Celt said that." (U2.246)
- I will tell you, he said solemnly, what is his proudest boast. I paid my way.
Good man, good man." (U2.250)
Mulligan, nine pounds, three pairs of socks, one pair brogues, ties. Curran, ten guineas. McCann, one guinea. Fred Ryan, two shillings. Temple, two lunches. Russell, one guinea, Cousins, ten shillings, Bob Reynolds, half a guinea, Kohler, three guineas,."(U2.253)